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Tallest Building in the world | Top 10 tallest Buildings

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Tallest Buildings in the World

This list of the world's ten tallest buildings includes skyscrapers with at least 500 meters in height and continually occupied floors. This list excludes structures that are not buildings, such as towers.

History of Skyscrapers

The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt was formerly the world's tallest man-made monument, holding the title for nearly 3,800 years until the construction of Lincoln Cathedral in 1311. The Strasbourg Cathedral in France, completed in 1439, was the world's tallest structure till 1874. The 138 ft (42.1 meter) Home Insurance Building in Chicago became the world's first skyscraper in 1885.

Throughout the twentieth century, the United States held the title of the world's tallest skyscraper until the Petronas Towers were constructed in 1998. Since then, Taipei 101 in 2004 and Burj Khalifa in 2010 have both been given the distinction. Skyscraper construction has exploded across the Middle East, China, and Southeast Asia since the dawn of the twenty-first century.

Here is the list of the top ten tallest buildings in the world that are above 500 meters in height.

Sl.No.

Skyscrapers

City

Country

Height in meter

Height in feet

floors

Year

1

Burj Khalifa

Dubai

United Arab Emirates

828

2717

163

2010

2

Shanghai Tower

Shanghai

 China

632

2,073

128

2015

3

Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower

Mecca

 Saudi Arabia

601

1,972

120

2012

4

Ping An International Finance Centre

Shenzhen

 China

599

1,965

115

2017

5

Lotte World Tower

Seoul

 South Korea

554.5

1,819

123

2017

6

One World Trade Center

New York City

 United States

541.3

1,776

94

2014

7

Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre

Guangzhou

 China

530

1,739

111

2016

8

Tianjin CTF Finance Centre

Tianjin

 China

530

1,739

97

2019

9

China Zun

Beijing

527.7

1,731

109

2018

Beijing

10

Taipei 101

Taipei

 Taiwan

508

1,667

101

2004

 

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Burj Khalifa

The Burj Khalifa

The Burj Khalifa, also known as the Burj Dubai, is a skyscraper in Dubai, UAE. Since topping out in 2009, the Burj Khalifa has been the world's tallest structure and building, supplanting Taipei 101, with a total height of 829.8 m (2,722 ft, little over half a mile) and a roof height of 828 m (2,717 ft) (without antenna, but includes a 244 m spire).

The Burj Khalifa was designed by Adrian Smith of Skidmore, who also designed the Willis Tower and One World Trade Center. NORR Group Consultants International Limited was appointed to manage the project's architecture, with Hyder Consulting serving as the supervising engineer.

The outside of the Burj Khalifa was completed in 2009, five years after construction began.The structure was completed in 2010 as part of the Downtown Dubai development. It is intended to serve as the focal point of a large-scale mixed-use development.

The decision to build the building stems from the government's desire to diversify its economy away from oil and obtain an international reputation for Dubai. The Burj Kalifa was initially known as Burj Dubai, but it was renamed in honour of Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the ruler of Abu Dhabi and the president of the United Arab Emirates; Abu Dhabi and the UAE government provided Dubai money to cover its debts. The structure set multiple height records, including being named the world's tallest building.

Shanghai Tower | Shanghai Center Building

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Shanghai Tower

Shanghai Tower (Shanghai Center Building) is a 128-story, 632-meter (2,073-foot) megatall skyscraper in Shanghai's Lujiazui neighbourhood. Shanghai Tower is the world's second-tallest skyscraper in the world, and it has the record for having the world's highest observation deck within a building  also or structure with the Ping An Finance Center at 562 metres. It houses the world's second fastest elevator, which ran at a top speed of 20.5 metres per second (74 kilometers per hour) till 2017, when the Guangzhou CTF Finance Center, with a top speed of 21 metres per second (76 kilometers per hour; 47 miles per hour), surpassed it.

The tower was designed by the international architectural firm Gensler and is owned by the Shanghai Municipal Government of China. Its tiered architecture, which is built for maximum energy efficiency, has nine distinct zones for office, retail, and recreational use.

The tower's construction began in November 2008 and was completed on August 3, 2013. The exterior was finished in summer 2015, and the project was declared finished in September 2014.

Abraj Al-Bait (Towers of the House)

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Abraj Al-Bait

In Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the Abraj Al-Bait (House Towers) is a government-owned complex of seven tower hotels. The King Abdulaziz Endowment Project, which intends to improve the city in order to better serve pilgrims, includes these towers. Makkah's Clock The hotel's centerpiece, the Royal Tower, is the world's third-tallest skyscraper and fifth-tallest freestanding structure, with the world's largest clock face. The Clock Tower Museum, located on the top four levels of the clock tower, is open to the public.

With a height of 601 meters, the complex's tallest tower is the tallest building in Saudi Arabia (1,972 feet). It is currently the world's fifth highest freestanding structure, surpassing the Ping An Finance Centre in Shenzhen but falling short of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the Tokyo Skytree in Tokyo, the Shanghai Tower in Shanghai, and the Canton Tower in Guangzhou.

The Kaaba is housed in the Masjid al Haram mosque, which is located across the piazza to the south of the main entrance (King Abdul-Aziz Gate). The Abraj Al-Bait Towers have two huge prayer rooms (one for males, one for women) that can house more than 10,000 people to accommodate worshippers visiting the Kaaba. The complex's highest tower also houses a five-star hotel run by Fairmont Hotels & Resorts to help accommodate the millions of pilgrims who go to Mecca each year to perform the Hajj.

Ping An International Finance Centre

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Ping An International Finance Centre

The Ping An International Finance Center (Ping An IFC), is a 115-storey skyscraper in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China, that is 599 meters (1,965 feet) in height and positioned at number 4 in the world's tallest buildings. The skyscraper was commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates, an American architectural firm. It was completed in 2017, making it Shenzhen's highest skyscraper, China's second tallest structure, and the world's fourth tallest building. With a height of 562 meters, it also set a new record for the highest observation deck in a building (1,844 ft).

With a height of 599 meters, the building became China's second highest skyscraper on April 30, 2015. The original idea was to put a 60-meter-long antenna on top of the skyscraper in order to surpass the Shanghai Tower as China's tallest structure. However, due to the danger of obstructing flight patterns, it was decided in February 2015 that the antenna would not be installed on top of the tower.

Lotte World Tower

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The Lotte World Tower is a 123-storey building in Sincheon Dong, Songpa District, Seoul, South Korea. Its height is 555.7 meters (1,823 feet). It is now the highest skyscraper in South Korea and the fifth tallest in the world, being opened to the public on April 3, 2017.

After 13 years of planning and site preparation, the government gave final authority for the tower to begin building in November 2010, and the first piling and frame assembly activities were observed at the construction site in March.

The LED-pixels of the facade displayed the number "2016" on New Year's Day 2016. Lotte launched fireworks to commemorate the tower's official opening on April 3rd, 2017. Lotte celebrated New Year's Day and the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics by launching fireworks with a 7-minute LED laser show on January 1st, 2018.

One World Trade Center

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One World Trade Center

The primary building of the restored World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City, is One World Trade Center (also known as One World Trade, One WTC, and formerly Freedom Tower). One WTC is the highest skyscraper in the United States, the Western Hemisphere's tallest building, and the world's sixth tallest building. The supertall tower shares the same name as the old World Trade Center's North Tower, which was demolished in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. On the site of the original 6 World Trade Center, the new tower stands on the northwest corner of the 16-acre (6.5 ha) World Trade Center site.

David Childs, an architect whose company Skidmore, Owings & Merrill also designed the Burj Khalifa and the Willis Tower, is the building's architect. On April 27, 2006, work on underground utility relocations, footings, and foundations for the new building began. When One World Trade Center topped the Empire State Building in height on April 30, 2012, it became the city's highest structure. On August 30, 2012, the steel structure of the tower was completed. The final component of the skyscraper's spire was placed on May 10, 2013, bringing the building's overall height to 1,776 feet, including the spire (541 m). The One World Observatory tower was open to the public on May 29, 2015, and the building opened on November 3, 2014.

Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre

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Guangzhou CTF Finance Center

The Guangzhou Chow Tai Fook Finance Centre is a 530 meter (1,739 ft) tall skyscraper that was completed in October 2016 in Guangzhou, Guangdong. It is Guangzhou's tallest finished building, China's third tallest, and the world's seventh tallest. The Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre comprises a shopping mall, offices, flats, and a hotel on its 111 above-ground and five below-ground stories.

The Tianjin CTF Finance Center

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Tianjin CTF Finance Center

In Tianjin, China, the Tianjin CTF Finance Center is a super-tall skyscraper, with a height of 1,739 ft (530) Tip 1,740 ft (530 m) The top floor is 1,441 feet (439 m). The project began in 2013 and was finished in 2019. The tower is Tianjin's second tallest structure after Goldin Finance 117, the world's eighth tallest building and the world's tallest building with fewer than 100 stories. It is located in the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area's outer district. Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP collaborated with Ronald Lu & Partners to design the Tianjin CTF Finance Center.

China Zun | CITIC Tower

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China Zun/CITIC Tower

The CITIC Tower skyscraper is located in Beijing's Central Business District. China Zun is the popular name for it. The 109-story, 528-meter (1,732-foot) structure is the city's tallest, China World Trade Center Tower III by 190 meters. CITIC Tower topped China World Trade Center Tower III as Beijing's highest structure on August 18, 2016. The structure of the tower was completed on July 9, 2017, and the tower was entirely topped out on August 18, 2017, making CITIC Tower the tallest completed construction of 2018.

According to the creators, the CITIC Group, the term China Zun comes from the zun, an ancient Chinese wine vessel that influenced the building design.

Taipei 101

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Tailei 1o1

The Taipei 101, formerly referred to as the Taipei World Centre, is a skyscraper in Taipei, Taiwan, designed by C.Y. Lee and C.P. Wang. From its opening in 2004 until the completion of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, UAE in 2009, this structure was officially classified as the world's tallest. It was the world's first skyscraper to succeed at a height of over half a kilometer when it had been completed. Its elevators, which can travel at a speed of 60.6 km/h (37.7 mph) and transfer passengers from the 5th to the 89th floor in 37 seconds, set new records after they were completed. Taipei 101 got a Platinum rating from the LEED certification system in 2011, making it the world's tallest and largest green building. The structure is usually featured in the worldwide media as an emblem of Taipei, and the Taipei 101 fireworks displays are a staple of recent New Year's Eve broadcasts. In a futuristic construction product of industrial elements, Taipei 101's postmodernist style of architecture reflects traditional Asian aesthetics. Its design combines a variety of elements that allow it to survive earthquakes and tropical storms within the Pacific Ring of Fireside region. Offices, restaurants, and both indoor and outdoor observatories are housed on the tower. A multilevel center with the world's largest ruyi sign as an exterior feature adjoins the tower. Taipei Eye Corporation owns Taipei 101. To commemorate New Year's Eve, the building debuted on January 1, 2004.

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