Arugula (Rocket): Health Benefits, Nutrition and Cultivation Tips

Arugula |  rocket leaves | arugula leaves

Arugula (Rocket): A Zesty Green Delight

Arugula (Rocket):

Rocket (Arugula), scientifically known as Eruca vesicaria, is a vibrant leafy green that adds a peppery punch to salads and dishes. Commonly referred to as arugula or roquette, this cruciferous vegetable is not only delicious but also packed with nutritional benefits.


Rocket (arugula) features dark green, lobed leaves with a distinctive peppery flavor. Its slender stems give way to delicate, deeply cut leaves, creating a visually appealing addition to culinary creations. The plant typically grows to about 8 to 12 inches in height.

Arugula Common Names:

While known as arugula in many English-speaking regions, it goes by various names globally, including roquette, rucola, or rocket. These names reflect its popularity across different cuisines.

Nutrition Facts:

Rocket (arugula) is a nutritional powerhouse, providing a rich source of vitamins and minerals. It is very rich in vitamin K, vitamin A, vitamin C, and folate. Additionally, it offers a good dose of antioxidants and is low in calories, making it an excellent choice for those looking to enhance their diet's nutritional profile.

Arugula Health Benefits:

1. Rich in Antioxidants:

The antioxidants in arugula help combat oxidative stress in the body, potentially reducing the risk of chronic diseases.

2. Bone Health:

High vitamin K content supports bone health by aiding in calcium absorption and promoting bone mineralization.

3. Heart Health:

Arugula's folate content contributes to heart health by supporting proper blood circulation and reducing the risk of cardiovascular issues.


Arugula salad | rocket leaves
Arugula Leaves

Arugula's versatility makes it a favorite in various culinary applications. Enjoy it in:

Salads: Toss fresh arugula with other greens, cherry tomatoes, and a light vinaigrette.

Pizzas: Add a handful of arugula to your pizza after it comes out of the oven for a peppery kick.

Pasta Dishes: Stir arugula into pasta dishes just before serving for a burst of freshness.

Cultivation Tips:

Arugula (Rocket) | arugula plant | arugula leaves
Arugula (Rocket) Plant

1. Soil and Sun:

Arugula thrives in well-drained, fertile soil and prefers full to partial sun exposure.

2. Planting Time:

Sow seeds directly in the garden or containers in early spring or fall. The cooler temperatures enhance flavor.

3. Watering:

Keep the soil consistently moist. Arugula is quick to bolt in hot weather, so adequate water is crucial.

4. Harvesting:

Harvest leaves when they are young and tender. Regular harvesting promotes continuous growth.


Arugula's distinctive flavor, coupled with its impressive nutritional profile, makes it a valuable addition to any kitchen or garden. Whether you're cultivating it at home or savoring its taste in culinary creations, this zesty green delight is sure to elevate your meals and boost your overall well-being.

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