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Guru Tegh Bahadur

The martyrdom day of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji is on November 24, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji had made a great sacrifice for India.

Introduction of Guru Teg Bahadur

Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth Guru of Sikhs, who founded the Sikh religion and was the leader of Sikhs from 1665 until 1675 till his execution by Aurangzeb. He was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind, the sixth Sikh guru, and was born in Amritsar, Punjab, India, in 1621. He was a knowledgeable spiritual scholar and poet whose 115 songs are included in Sri Guru Adi Granth, Sikhism's main scripture. He was a principled and fierce warrior. On the command of Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor, Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded in Delhi, India.

Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib in Delhi are Sikh sacred sites that commemorate Guru Tegh Bahadur's execution and funeral. per the Nanakshahi calendar produced by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in 2003, his martyrdom is commemorated per annum on November 24 as Guru Tegh Bahadur's Shaheedi Divas.

Personal Details of Guru Tegh Bahadur

Personal Details of Guru Tegh Bahadur


Childhood Name: (Baba) Tyag Mal

Born: 21 April 1621



Father: Guru Hargobind

Mother: Mata Nanaki


Mata Gujri


Guru Gobind Singh


24 November 1675 ( Age54)


Cause of Death

Execution by decapitate


Battle of Kartarpur

Biography of Guru Tegh Bahadur

Early Life

Guru Tegh Bahadur was the youngest son of sixth Guru of Sikhs Guru Hargobind. Guru Hargobind had five sons named Baba Gurditta, Suraj Mal, Ani Rai, Atal Rai, and Tyaga Mal. Guru Hargobind had also one daughter, Bibi Viro. Tyaga Mal was born on April 1, 1621, in Amritsar. After demonstrating his valour in a very battle against the Mughals, Guru Hargobind bestowed upon him the name Tegh Bahadur (Mighty of the Sword).

At the time, Amritsar was the spiritual centre of the Sikh faith. because the seat of the Sikh Gurus, it had developed the qualities of a capital, with linkages to Sikhs in far-flung parts of the country through chains of Masands or missionaries. Guru Tegh Bahadur was nurtured in a very Sikh family and underwent archery and riding training. The Vedas, Upanishads, and Puranas, in addition as other ancient books, were also taught to him. Long periods of isolation and thought were his favourite pastimes. On February 3, 1632, Tegh Bahadur married Mata Gujri.

Relocated to Bakala

Guru Hargobind and his wife Nanki, together with Tegh Bahadur and Mata Gujri, relocated to his ancestral hamlet of Bakala in Amritsar district within the 1640s, as he approached death. in keeping with Gurbilas Dasvi

In Sikh tradition, there's a legend of how Tegh Bahadur was chosen because the ninth guru. Baba Makhan Shah Labana, a wealthy businessman, had once pleaded for his life andn Patshahi, Bakala was an affluent town with numerous magnificent ponds, wells, and baolis during the time. Tegh Bahadur remained to reside at Bakala together with his wife and mother after Guru Hargobind's death

Journey started as Guru

Guru Har Krishan contracted smallpox in March 1664. When his supporters questioned who would lead them after him, he said Baba Bakala, which meant Bakala would be his successor. Taking advantage of the paradox within the dying Guru's statements, numerous people founded shop in Bakala, claiming to be the new Guru. Sikhs were perplexed by the massive number of claims. pledged to convey the Sikh Guru 500 gold coins if he lived. He arrived in quest of the Guru's ninth incarnation. He made his homage to every claimant and offered two gold coins to every Guru, assuming that the correct guru would remember of his secret pledge to present 500 coins in exchange for his protection. Every "guru" he met smiled and thanked him for the 2 gold coins. Then he discovered that Tegh Bahadur was also a Bakala resident. Tegh Bahadur received the regular offering of two gold coins from Labana. Tegh Bahadur bestowed his blessings on him, but noted that his contribution fell far wanting the promised five hundred rupees. Makhan Shah Labana immediately made amends and dashed upstairs. After that event he began shouting from the rooftop, "I have found the Guru, i've got found the Guru."

A Sikh Sangat landed in Bakala in August 1664 and crowned Tegh Bahadur because the Sikhs' ninth guru. Diwan Durga Mal led the Sangat, and Guru Teg Bahadur's elder brother, Baba Gurditta, performed a proper "Tikka ceremony" conferring Guruship on him.

Guru Tegh Bahadur was flanked by armed bodyguards, as had been the norm among Sikhs since the killing of Guru Arjan by Mughal Emperor Jahangir. He himself had a frugal existence.Guru Tegh Bahadur Work

Guru teg bahadur ji

Work of Guru Tegh Bahadur

Guru Tegh Bahadur composed many hymns, notably the Saloks, or couplets near the tip of the Guru sacred writing. Gobind Sahali ordered Guru Tegh Bahadur to create multiple Sikh temples in Mahali after he toured various sections of the Mughal Empire. Guru Tegh Bahadur compositions includes 116 shabads and 15 ragas, and his bhagats are attributed with 782 bani creations in Sikhism.

The Guru religious text (pages 219–1427) contains his works. They discuss the character of God, human attachments, the body, mind, sorrow, dignity, service, death, and deliverance, among other things.

Guru Tegh Bahadur Journey

Guru Tegh Bahadur preached the teachings of Nanak, the first Sikh guru, in many cities across the country, including Dhaka and Assam. Sikh temples were built in the places he went and stayed. Guru Tegh Bahadur established community water wells and langars on his travels, spreading the Sikh principles and message (community kitchen charity for the poor).

The Guru visited Kiratpur three times in a row. On 21 August 1664,Guru Tegh Bahadur went to Kiratpur to console Bibi  Roop, after her father Guru Har Rai, the seventh Sikh guru and his brother Guru Har Krishan, died.

Execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur

Tegh Bahadur set out from Makhowal to challenge Mughal officials who were persecuting Kashmiri Brahmins, but he was apprehended at Ropar and imprisoned in Sirhind. In November 1675, he was transported to Delhi and given the option of performing a miracle to prove his closeness to God or converting to Islam. The Guru refused, and three of his colleagues were tortured to death in front of him: Bhai Mati Das was sawn into pieces, Bhai Dayal Das was thrown into a cauldron of boiling water, and Bhai Sati Das was burned alive. Tegh Bahadur was publicly beheaded in Chandni Chowk, a market centre near the Red Fort, after that.

The Legacy of Guru Tegh Bahadur

Gurudwara Sisganj Sahib Delhi image
Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib

Guru Tegh Bahadur's father was Guru Har Gobind. Tyag Mal was his actual name, but he was nicknamed Tegh Bahadur following his heroism and bravery in battles against Mughal armies. He was instrumental in saving a group of Kashmiri Pandits who were being persecuted by the Mughals by building the city of Anandpur Sahib.

Following the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb's execution of Tegh Bahadur, a number of Sikh shrines were built in his and his associates' honour. In Chandni Chowk, Delhi, the Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib was built over the spot where he was beheaded. Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib, located in Delhi, is built on the location of a disciple of Teg Bahadur's house, which was burned down to bury his master.

The head of the slain Guru Teg Bahadar, which was brought here by Bhai Jaita  in November 1675  in defiance of the Mughal authority of Aurangzeb, was cremated at Gurdwara Sisganj Sahib in Punjab. During his route to Anandpur Sahib, Bhai Jaita Singh passes via Sonipat, a village near Delhi, where the Mughal army also passes through. Bhai Jaita asks the people for assistance, so the villagers hide Bhai Jaita with Guru's head. Kushal Singh Dahiya, a peasant, went ahead and offered his own head to the Mughal troops in place of Guru's head. The villagers shuffle the heads after beheading Kushal Singh Dahiya and offer the head of Kushal Singh Dahiya to the Mughal troops.

Remembered for his sacrifice.

Tegh Bahadur is honoured for laying down his life for religious freedom, reminding Sikhs and non-Muslims in India that they can follow and practise their faiths without fear of persecution or conversion by Muslims. Guru Tegh Bahadur, together with Bhai Mati Dass, Bhai Sati Das, and Bhai Dayala, were martyred. The date of his martyrdom, November 24, is recognised as a public holiday in some regions of India.

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