Iron | Descriptions, Chemical and Physical Properties, Uses & Facts

Iron | Descriptions, Chemical and Physical Properties, Uses & Facts

Exploring the Mighty Element Iron: Properties, Uses, and More


Iron, denoted by the symbol Fe on the periodic table, holds a significant place in the realm of elements with its fascinating properties and diverse applications. Let's delve into the atomic intricacies, chemical and physical characteristics, reactions, and practical uses of iron. Additionally, we'll touch upon various iron-based compounds and supplements that play crucial roles in human health.

Atomic Details:

- Symbol: Fe

- Atomic Number: 26

- Atomic Mass: 55.845 u

- Electron Configuration: 1s² 2s² 2p⁶ 3s² 3p⁶ 4s² 3d⁶

- Valency: +2 and +3

Chemical and Physical Properties:

Iron is a transition metal with a silvery-gray appearance. It is known for its high melting point (about 1,538 degrees Celsius) and density. In terms of chemical reactivity, iron tends to form compounds, especially oxides, when exposed to oxygen and moisture, leading to the common phenomenon of rusting.

Reaction with Other Materials:

Iron readily reacts with atmospheric oxygen to form iron oxide, commonly known as rust. This reaction occurs in the presence of water or moisture. Iron also reacts with acids, and its reaction with hydrochloric acid, for example, produces iron chloride and hydrogen gas.

Iron Uses and Facts:

1. Construction: Iron, in the form of steel, is a crucial component in construction, providing strength and durability to buildings and infrastructure.

2. Transportation: Iron is extensively used in the automotive and aerospace industries for manufacturing vehicles and aircraft.

3. Manufacturing: Various tools, machinery, and appliances are crafted from iron and steel due to their robust nature.

4. Medicine: Iron is an essential element for the human body, playing a vital role in the production of hemoglobin, which carries oxygen in red blood cells.

Exploring Iron Compounds and Supplements:

1. Liquid Iron: Easily absorbed, liquid iron supplements are often recommended for individuals with iron deficiencies.

2. Ferrous Sulfate: This iron salt is used to treat iron-deficiency anemia and is available in supplement form.

3. Feroglobin: A popular iron supplement, Feroglobin, often contains other nutrients like vitamins and minerals, promoting overall health.

4. Chelated Iron: Chelation improves iron absorption, making it an effective supplement for addressing iron deficiencies.

5. Fefol Z and Lupiheme: These are iron-containing supplements with added nutrients, catering to specific health needs.

Iron in Nutrition:

Iron is an essential micronutrient for humans. While iron-rich foods like red meat, beans, and leafy greens contribute to dietary iron intake, supplements such as Ferrograd C offer additional support for those with low iron levels.


Iron, with its unique combination of strength, versatility, and biological significance, stands out as a fundamental element. From construction to healthcare, iron's influence is omnipresent, shaping our world and sustaining human health in various forms and compounds. Whether in the construction of skyscrapers or as a vital component in red blood cells, iron continues to play a crucial role in our daily lives.

Also Read:

Neon | Descriptions, Chemical and Physical Properties, Uses & Facts

Nitrogen | Descriptions, Chemical and Physical Properties, Uses & Facts

Beryllium | Descriptions, Chemical and Physical Properties, Uses & Facts

Hydrogen | Difference between Blue and Green Hydrogen | Hydrogen Fuel

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