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Airbus A320: Why It's One of the Safest Airplanes in the World

Airbus a320 aircraft

The Airbus A320: Why Airbus A320 is one of the Safest Airplanes in the World


Introduction:

The Airbus A320 is a popular commercial airplane with a solid safety record. In this post, we'll take a closer look at why the A320 is considered one of the safest airplanes in the world.

We'll start by discussing some of the features that make the A320 stand out from the competition. Then, we'll take a look at some of the most notable incidents in the A320's history and see how it fared. Finally, we'll round off with a few words about its future.


What is the Airbus A320?

The Airbus A320 is a single-aisle, short- to medium-range jet airliner.

It's the most popular jet airliner in the world, with over 10,530 aircraft in service and over 16,000 on order.

The Airbus A320 is known for its safety and reliability. In fact, it's considered one of the safest airplanes in the world.


Why is the Airbus A320 one of the safest airplanes in the world?

The Airbus A320 is one of the safest airplanes in the world for a few reasons.

First, it has a very good safety record. Second, it's equipped with the latest technology, which allows pilots to manage emergencies more effectively. Third, it has redundant systems. What does that mean? It means that there are several systems in place that can perform the same function in case one fails.

Take the example of an airplane engine. If one engine fails, the other engine can take over and power the plane. That's thanks to the redundancies in the engine design. The same is true for other systems on the plane, like the hydraulic systems and the electrical systems.


Three Independent Hydraulic System

The Airbus A320 family aircrafts employs three fully independent hydraulic systems that is called Blue, Green, and Yellow system these systems furnish the hydraulic power required to operate flight controls, landing gear, thrust reversers, air brakes, flaps and slats, cargo doors and nose wheel steering.

The hydraulic systems are so design that crew never will run out of hydraulic power, he will have some backup power for safe landing of aircraft.


Independent Electrical System

The aircraft is powered by two three-phase AC generators (GEN 1, GEN 2), one operated by each main engine via an integrated drive. At 115 and 200 volts and 400 hertz, each generator can provide up to 90 KVA of power.

It has a third generator that is directly run by the APU and produces the same output power as the main engine generator; it can replace one or both of the main engine generators at the same time.

EMERGENCY GENERATOR

The blue hydraulic system drives an emergency generator that automatically supplies emergency AC power to the aircraft electrical system if all three main generators fail. The blue system generator supplies 5 KVA of three phase 115 / 200 volt 400 hertz power.

STATIC INVERTER

It also features a static inverter that converts DC power from Battery 1 into one KVA of single phase 115 volt 400 hertz AC power, which is subsequently fed into a section of the AC important bus.


DC GENERATION TRANSFORMER RECTIFIERS ( TRS )

Two main transformer rectifiers, TR 1 and TR 2, supply the aircraft's electric up to 200 amperes of DC current. A third ( identical ) transformer rectifier, the ESS TR, can power the essential DC circuit from the emergency generator, if the engine and APU generators all fail, or if TR 1 or TR 2 fails

The electrical systems are so design that crew never will run out of electrical power, he will have some backup power for safe landing of aircraft.

So, why is the Airbus A320 one of the safest airplanes in the world? Because it's equipped with state-of-the-art technology, it has a good safety record, and it has redundant systems.


What are some of the features of the Airbus A320 that make it safe?

The Airbus A320 is known for its safety features. Some of these include:

The A320 is the first airplane to have a full-digital fly-by-wire control system. This means that there is no mechanical connection between the pilots' controls and the rudder, ailerons, and elevators. The airplane can thus respond more quickly and precisely to pilots' commands.

The A320's control system is built around five major computers, four of which are capable of controlling all major functions if the others fail. Furthermore, two additional computers connect the mechanically driven elements of the rudder to the fly-by-wire system.

The A320 also has a sophisticated warning system that alerts pilots to any potential problems. This includes alerts for wind shear, ice, and other hazardous conditions.

The A320 is able to land in very low visibility conditions. This is thanks to its advanced landing systems, which include a ground proximity warning system and an autoland system.


What are some of the crashes that the Airbus A320 has been involved in?

Despite a few high-profile crashes, the Airbus A320 is still considered one of the safest airplanes in the world. In fact, it has one of the lowest accident rates of any airliner.

Some of the crashes that the Airbus A320 has been involved in include:


  • March 24, 2015: Germanwings Flight 9525 crash-lands in the French Alps, killing all 150 people on board. This crash was deliberately caused by the co-pilot.

  • Indian Airlines Flight 605, an Airbus A320-231 carrying 146 passengers, crashed during final approach to HAL Airport in Bangalore on February 14, 1990. There were 88 passengers and four crew members who died.

  • Air Inter Trip 148, an Airbus A320-111, crashed into a high ridge above Mount Sainte-Odile in the Vosges mountains on final approach to Strasbourg on January 20, 1992, while on a scheduled flight from Lyon. The catastrophe claimed the lives of 87 passengers and crew members (six crew members, 90 passengers).

  • Gulf Air Flight 072, a Boeing 737-800, crashed into the Persian Gulf during a night visual approach to Bahrain Airport on August 23, 2000. On board, all 143 passengers and crew members died.


  • Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 from Juanda International Airport in Surabaya to Changi International Airport in Singapore crashed into the Java Sea between the islands of Belitung and Borneo on December 28, 2014, killing all 162 people on board. The cause was first a malfunction in two of the plane's rudder travel limiter components, which was followed by improper crew actions, which eventually led to the jet stalling while flying into a rainstorm. The crew disobeyed the prescribed procedure and reset a circuit breaker, further disabling the autopilot and other flight protection systems, contributing to the later loss of control. The situation of the FAC (Flight Augmentation Control) on the flight "was persistent enough," according to investigators.

  • TAM Airlines Flight 3054, an Airbus A320-233, was unable to land at Congonhas International Airport in So Paulo, Brazil, on July 17, 2007. One of the engine's thrust reversers had been turned off. The disaster was caused by pilot error (by putting the left throttle in reverse while the right engine throttle was set to climb power) and severe weather as of 2009. All 187 passengers and crew members died, with 12 individuals dying on the ground, mostly from the TAM headquarters and the petrol station at the end of the runway, for a total of 199 victims. This is the most deadly crash involving the A320.


Why is the Airbus A320 still considered safe?

The Airbus A320 is still considered one of the safest airplanes in the world, despite the several crashes which involves technical failures, human errors & bad weather.

There are a few reasons why this airplane is so safe. The first is that it has an excellent safety record. In the more than 35 years that the Airbus A320 has been in operation, there have only been a handful of crashes.

The second reason is that the Airbus A320 is equipped with some of the latest safety features. These features include an advanced autopilot system that can fly the plane on its own, as well as sensors that monitor the airplane's engines and systems.

The third reason is that the pilots are highly trained and experienced. They undergo rigorous training and are tested regularly to make sure they are up to date on all of the latest safety procedures.

Altogether, these factors make the Airbus A320 one of the safest airplanes in the world.


Conclusion:

The Airbus A320 is one of the safest airplanes in the world for a number of reasons. It's equipped with some of the latest safety features, and its pilots are highly-trained and experienced. Additionally, Airbus has a strong safety record, and the A320 has been involved in very few accidents. If you're looking for a safe and reliable airplane, the Airbus A320 is a great option.

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