Tulsi (Holi Basil) | Tulsi Medicinal Uses & Health Benefits

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Tulsi (Holi Basil) Plant

Tulsi (Holi Basil)

Ocimum Tenuiflorum, also known as holy basil or tulsi, is a fragrant perennial plant belonging to the Lamiaceae family. It is a plant native to the Indian subcontinent that is widely cultivated in Southeast Asia's tropics.

Tulsi is grown for its essential oil, as well as for religious and traditional medicine purposes. It's commonly used as a herbal tea in Ayurveda, and it has a place in Hinduism's Vaishnava tradition, where devotees perform worship with holy basil plants or leaves.

Tulsi essential oil is primarily composed of eugenol (70%), β-elemene (11.0%), β-caryophyllene (8%), and germacrene (2%), with the remainder consisting of different trace compounds, mainly Terpenes.

Nutritional Value of Tulsi:

Tulsi leaves are high in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, and potassium. It also contains a significant amount of protein and fibre.

Types of Tulsi:

The tulsi plant's genome has been sequenced and published as a draught, with findings showing genes for anthocyanin biosynthesis in Shyama Tulsi and ursolic acid and eugenol biosynthesis in Rama Tulsi.

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Tulsi Flower & Seeds

Holi Basil Plant hd image download
Tulsi Plant

Uses of Tulsi:

Tulsi is a plant that has been used in Ayurveda and Siddha practises to cure diseases. The dried leaves have been combined with preserved grains to repel insects for decades. Tulsi alao used in traditional medicine for treatment and prevention of many disease.

Tulsi is an adaptogenic herb, which means it can help the body adapt to stress and increase energy. Tulsi is commonly used in natural medicine to relieve anxiety, tension, and exhaustion, and it can also be used in herbal formulations to treat asthma, bronchitis, colds, and the flu.

Tulsi hd image download
Tulsi (Holi Basil)

Health Benefits of Tulsi (Holi Basil):

Tulsi contains a variety of health-promoting compounds, including:

  • Eugenol is a terpene with anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Acids ursolic and rosmarinic: Antioxidants, anti-inflammatory agents, and anti-aging compounds.
  • Apigenin is a flavonoid that aids in the removal of waste from the body at the cellular level.
  • Lutein is an antioxidant carotenoid that is beneficial to eye health.
  • Ocimumosides A and B help to relieve stress and keep the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine in check.

Only a few studies have looked into the impact of tulsi on human health to date. It's too early to prescribe tulsi as a cure for any ailment, but here are some of the potential benefits based on preliminary studies.

Immunity Booster (Natural):

Vitamin C and zinc are abundant in tulsi. As a result, it serves as a natural immunity booster and prevents infections. It has powerful antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal properties, protecting us from a wide range of infections. Tulsi leaf extract boosts the immune system by increasing the activity of T helper cells and natural killer cells.

Tulsi act as Antipyretic (fever reducer) and Analgesic (pain reliever):

Tulsi's antibacterial and antiviral properties aid in the battle against infections, lowering fever. Periodic fevers can be cured by mixing fresh Tulsi juice with black pepper powder. Tulsi leaves boiled in half a litre of water with powdered cardamom (elaichi) and sugar and milk are also effective at lowering temperature.

Tulsi reduces Colds, Coughs, and other Respiratory Disorders: 

Tulsi contains camphene, cineole, and eugenol, which help to relieve colds and chest congestion.

Bronchitis, asthma, influenza, cough, and cold can all be treated with Tulsi leaf juice combined with honey and ginger.

Reduces Stress & Blood Pressure:

Tulsi contains the compounds Ocimumosides A and B, which help to reduce stress and blood pressure. The neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine in the brain are balanced by these substances, which minimise tension. Tulsi's anti-inflammatory properties help to lower blood pressure and inflammation.

Tulsi relieve Anxiety

Tulsi can relieve anxiety and improve moods as an adaptogen, according to research. Several animal and laboratory studies have shown its efficacy but clinical trials are very few.

Anti-cancer effects of Tulsi:

Tulsi phytochemicals have potent antioxidant properties. As a result, they aid in the prevention of skin, liver, dental, and lung cancers.

Tulsi Reduce Cholesterol Level:

According to a 2006 rabbit report, tulsi can help keep cholesterol in check. While tulsi had major cholesterol-lowering and antioxidant effects, the herb had no effect on diabetes, according to the findings.

Good for Diabetes Patients: 

Tulsi leaf extract has been shown to reduce blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes patients.

Tulsi effect on Gastrointestinal Disorders:

Tulsi leaves can help with indigestion and appetite loss. They're also used to alleviate bloating and flatulence.

Metabolic Syndrome:

Tulsi's therapeutic effects on metabolic diseases, cardiovascular disease, immunity, and neurocognition have all yielded positive clinical results with no major side effects. More research is required, however, to determine the optimal dose for different populations, according to the researchers.

Tulsi is Good for Skin & Hair:

Tulsi is good for the skin and hair because it helps to clear blemishes and acne. It is high in antioxidants, which aids in the prevention of premature ageing. Tulsi also strengthens the roots of our hair, which helps to prevent hair loss.

Tulsi's antifungal properties help to keep fungus and dandruff at bay.

Side effects of Tulsi:

Tulsi may have an impact on the fertility of women who are trying to conceive.

When adding tulsi tea to your diet for the first time, some people experience nausea or diarrhoea, so start with small amounts and gradually increase your intake.

Tulsi has the potential to reduce blood sugar levels, but it should be used with caution by people with diabetes who are taking blood sugar-lowering medicine.

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