Flerovium: Description, Electron Configuration, Properties, Uses & Facts

Flerovium: Description, Electron Configuration, Properties, Uses & Facts

Unveiling Flerovium: A Glimpse into the Depths of the Periodic Table


In the vast expanse of the periodic table lies an element that is as mysterious as it is intriguing: Flerovium. Named after the eminent nuclear physicist Georgy Flerov, this synthetic element bears the atomic number 114 and symbol Fl. Let us embark on a journey to unravel the enigmatic properties and characteristics of this element.

Discovery and Naming

Flerovium was first synthesized in 1999 by a team of Russian scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna, Russia. The discovery was a result of bombarding a plutonium target with calcium ions, yielding a few atoms of the elusive element. It was officially recognized by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) in 2012.

In honor of Georgy Flerov, a pioneer in heavy-ion physics and nuclear reactions, the element was aptly named Flerovium. This serves as a tribute to his significant contributions to the field of nuclear science.

Chemical Basic:

Latin name: Flerovium

Symbol: Fl

Atomic Number: 114

Atomic Mass: 289 u

Electron configuration short: [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2

Electron configuration

long form is: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6s2 6p6 6d10 7s2 7p2

Chemical and Physical Properties

Being a synthetic element, Flerovium has limited known chemical and physical properties. However, theoretical calculations suggest that it may exhibit properties similar to its congeners in Group 14, such as lead and tin. Flerovium is expected to be a heavy metal with a silvery-white appearance, though its exact characteristics remain speculative due to its fleeting existence.

Flerovium Compounds and Chemical Reactions

As of now, there are no known Flerovium compounds due to its extreme rarity and short half-life. Its highly unstable nature makes it challenging to study its chemical behavior comprehensively. However, theoretical predictions indicate that Flerovium may form compounds with elements such as oxygen, fluorine, and chlorine under certain conditions.

Occurrence and Production

Flerovium is not found naturally on Earth and is exclusively produced in laboratory settings through nuclear reactions. The most common method involves bombarding heavy target nuclei with high-energy projectiles, such as calcium ions, in particle accelerators. Despite numerous attempts, only minute quantities of Flerovium have been successfully synthesized, underscoring its scarcity and elusive nature.

Uses and Facts

Due to its extreme instability and short half-life, Flerovium currently has no practical applications outside of scientific research. Its fleeting existence poses significant challenges for studying its properties and potential applications. However, research on superheavy elements like Flerovium provides invaluable insights into nuclear physics, the structure of the atomic nucleus, and the limits of the periodic table.

Flerovium holds a special place in the annals of chemistry and physics as one of the heaviest elements ever synthesized by humankind. Its discovery and characterization represent a testament to human ingenuity and the relentless pursuit of scientific knowledge.


In conclusion, Flerovium stands as a testament to the boundless curiosity and ingenuity of the human spirit, offering a tantalizing glimpse into the uncharted territories of the periodic table. As scientists continue to push the boundaries of nuclear physics, Flerovium serves as a reminder of the infinite mysteries that await discovery in the realm of the elements.

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