Tennessine: Description, Electron Configuration, Properties, Uses & Facts

Tennessine: Description, Electron Configuration, Properties, Uses & Facts

Unraveling the Mystery of Tennessine: The Element of Tennessee


In the vast landscape of the periodic table lies an element that embodies both the thrill of scientific discovery and the spirit of exploration. Named after the state of Tennessee, Tennessine (Ts) is a synthetic element that stretches the boundaries of our understanding of the natural world. In this blog, we delve into the intriguing characteristics of Tennessine, from its discovery to its potential applications.

Discovery and Basics

Tennessine is a synthetic element, meaning it is not found naturally and must be created in a laboratory. It was first synthesized in 2010 by a team of Russian and American scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, USA. Its discovery marked a significant milestone in the field of nuclear physics.

Latin name: Tennessine

Symbol: Ts

Atomic Number: 117

Atomic Mass: 294 u

Electron configuration short: [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p5

Electron configuration

long form is: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6s2 6p6 6d10 7s2 7p5


Chemical Properties:

  • Tennessine belongs to the halogen group, making it chemically similar to elements like fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine.
  • It is highly reactive and is expected to readily form compounds with other elements.

Physical Properties:

  • Tennessine is predicted to be a solid at room temperature.
  • Due to its high atomic number and large number of protons, it is likely to be highly unstable and radioactive.

Compounds and Reactions

Given its highly reactive nature, Tennessine is expected to form compounds with elements across the periodic table. However, due to its synthetic nature and short half-life, very few compounds of Tennessine have been synthesized and characterized to date.

Occurrence and Production

As a synthetic element, Tennessine does not occur naturally and must be produced artificially in particle accelerators. Its production involves bombarding a target material enriched with heavy isotopes with a beam of lighter particles. The resulting nuclear fusion reactions lead to the formation of Tennessine atoms.

Uses and Facts

Research: Tennessine is primarily used for scientific research purposes, particularly in the study of nuclear physics and the structure of the atomic nucleus.

Element Naming: The naming of Tennessine pays homage to the state of Tennessee, where one of the contributing laboratories, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is located.

Short Half-Life: Tennessine has a very short half-life, on the order of milliseconds, making it difficult to study and work with.


In conclusion, Tennessine stands as a testament to human curiosity and ingenuity. Its discovery expands our understanding of the fundamental building blocks of matter and opens doors to new frontiers in nuclear physics. While its practical applications may be limited due to its instability, the knowledge gained from studying Tennessine enriches our understanding of the universe and the forces that govern it.

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