New Year | New Year's Day | New Year's Eve : New Year history and Tradition

New Year | New Year's Day | New Year's Eve

New Year | New Year's Day | New Year's Eve

When a new calendar year begins and the year count rises by one, it is said to be the current new year. Numerous cultures observe on the occasion  of new year in various way. The new year begins on January 1 (New Year's Day, which is preceded by New Year's Eve) according to the Gregorian calendar, which is currently the most widely used calendar system. In both the old Julian calendar and the Roman calendar, this was also the first day of the year (after 153 BC).

Other civilizations celebrate their traditional or religious New Year's Day in line with their own traditions since they frequently (but not always) use a lunar calendar or a lunisolar calendar. Among the most well-known examples are the Chinese New Year, the Islamic New Year, the Tamil New Year (Puthandu), and the Jewish New Year. India, Nepal, and other nations also observe the New Year on dates that can be moved in the Gregorian calendar according to their own calendars.

The government moved New Year's Day to a variety of various dates, depending on the locality, including March 1, March 25, Easter, September 1, and December 25 while the Julian calendar was still in use in Western Europe during the Middle Ages. Since that time, a large number of national civil calendars, mostly in the Western World and elsewhere, have switched to using January 1 as the sole fixed date for New Year's Day.

In the Pacific Ocean, American Samoa, Baker Island, and Howland Island, which are a part of the United States Minor Outlying Islands, are among the last to welcome the new year. Tonga and the Line Islands, which are a part of Kiribati, are among the first of them.

New Eear's Eve

The last day of the year, December 31, also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in various countries, is recognised as New Year's Eve in the Gregorian calendar as either the evening or the entire day. The last day of the year is usually referred to as "New Year's Eve." New Year's Eve is a time for dancing, eating, drinking, and watching or firing fireworks in many nations. A watchnight service is attended by certain Christians on this occasion. Typically, the festivities last far beyond midnight and into January 1st on the New Year's Day.

Happy New year

January 1 is the first day of the civil year in the Gregorian calendar used by most countries.

Contrary to popular assumption in the west, the civic New Year, which occurs on January 1, is not a holy day for Orthodox Christians. The celebration of a new year is not allowed under the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar. The fact that January 1 is a religious holiday is due to the fact that it is both a celebration of saints and the feast of Christ's circumcision, which occurred seven days after His birth. There is no specific religious celebration associated with the commencement of the new cycle, even though the liturgical calendar starts on September 1. Orthodox countries, however, are permitted to hold public New Year's celebrations. The religious and civil holidays are observed on January 1 in countries that use the revised Julian calendar (which synchronises dates with the Gregorian calendar), such as Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Romania, Syria, and Turkey. The civil new year is observed on January 1 of the civil calendar in other countries and regions where Orthodox churches still use the Julian calendar, such as Georgia, Israel, Russia, the Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Ukraine. However, those same religious feasts take place on January 14 Gregorian (which is January 1 Julian), in accordance with the liturgical calendar.

Currently, the Japanese New Year is marked on January 1 and often lasts until January 3. However, according to other accounts, Shgatsu lasts until January 6. Five years following the Meiji Restoration, in 1873, Japan switched to the Gregorian calendar. Prior to 1873, Japan followed a lunar calendar with a year lasting around 354 days and twelve months that were each 29 or 30 days long.

Every year on the new moon of the first lunar month, roughly at the start of spring, the Chinese New Year, also known as Spring Festival or Lunar New Year, takes place (Lichun). The precise date may occur at any moment between January 21 and February 21 of the Gregorian Calendar (inclusive). Years were traditionally denoted by one of ten heavenly stems, which corresponded to the five elements, and one of twelve earthly branches, each symbolising an animal. Every 60 years, this combo comes around. The biggest Chinese holiday of the year is this one.

Seollal, or Lunar New Year's Day, is the Korean New Year. Despite the fact that January 1 is the official start of the year, Seollal, the first day of the lunar calendar, has greater significance among Koreans. It is thought that the Lunar New Year celebrations began as a way to welcome good fortune and ward off evil spirits for the entire year. As the previous year comes to an end and the new one begins, people gather at their homes to catch up with their families and loved ones.

Because the Vietnamese follow a lunar calendar akin to the Chinese calendar, Tt Nguyên án, the Vietnamese New Year, usually falls on the same day as the Chinese New Year.

January- March

Losar, the Tibetan New Year, takes place from January to March.

The first new moon following the equinox in the north marked the start of the March Babylonian New Year. Eleven days were dedicated to ancient festivals.

From March to April, India celebrates Nava Varsha in a number of different locations.

Nowruz, the Iranian New Year, is the day that contains the precise time of the Northward Equinox, which often takes place on March 20 or 21, signalling the beginning of the spring season. The Parsis in India, as well as Zoroastrians and Persians all over the world, commemorate the Zoroastrian New Year, which falls on the same day as the Iranian New Year of Nowruz. The new year, known as Naw-Rz in the Bahá' calendar, falls on March 20 or 21, around the time of the vernal equinox. The Iranian custom known as Nauryz has also spread to other nations in Central Asia, including the Kazakhs, Uzbeks, and Uighurs. The holiday is typically observed on March 22.

Happy New year

The Balinese New Year, Nyepi, which coincides with Bali's Lunar New Year, is based on the Saka Calendar (Balinese-Javanese Calendar) (around March). Nyepi is a day set aside for self-reflection, so anything that might get in the way of that goal is prohibited. It is observed from six o'clock in the morning to six o'clock the next morning.Despite the fact that Nyepi is predominantly a Hindu holiday, Bali's non-Hindu population observes the day of silence out of respect for their neighbours. Even visitors are not exempt; while they are free to do whatever they choose inside their hotels, nobody is permitted on the streets or beaches, and Bali's sole airport is closed for the duration of the day. Emergency cars carrying people with serious illnesses and pregnant women are the only exceptions that are permitted. On this day, the Javanese also celebrate their Satu Suro.

The Telugu and Kannada New Year, known as Ugadi, often occurs around March or April. In these months, residents of the southern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Karnataka celebrate the start of the new year. Chaitra Masa is the first month of the new year.

The Kashmiri New Year is celebrated during the month of Navreh, in March or April. For many centuries, Kashmiri Brahmins have observed this sacred day.

People in Maharashtra, India, observe Gudi Padwa as the start of the Hindu calendar year, and Goans observe Sanskar Padwa. This day, which falls between March and April, falls on Ugadi.

In order to commemorate the Sindhi New Year, the festival of Cheti Chand is observed on the same day as Ugadi/Gudi Padwa.

An invocation to Ra-Hoor-Khuit is typically made to mark the Thelemic New Year on March 20 (or, according to other traditions, April 8), which honours the start of the New Aeon in 1904. The twenty-two-day thelemic holy season, which ends on the third day after the creation of the Book of the Law, also begins on this day. The Feast of the Supreme Ritual is another name for this occasion. Thelema was founded in 1904, and some think the thelemic new year, which is the feast for the equinox of the gods on the spring equinox of each year, falls on either March 19, 20, or 21 depending on the vernal equinox. The vernal equinox fell on March 21 in 1904, and the new day and Thelemic New Year began the day after Aleister Crowley concluded his Horus Invocation.


On April 1, the Chaldean-Babylonian New Year, also known as Kha b'Nissan or Resha d'Sheeta, takes place.

Thelemic New Year celebrations typically end on April 10 and last for about a month, starting on March 20 (the formal New Year). Many people refer to this one-month period as the High Holy Days, and it concludes with times of observance on April 8, 9, and 10, which coincide with the three days when Aleister Crowley wrote the Book of the Law in 1904.

Many South and Southeast Asian calendars' new year, which ushers in spring, falls between April 13 and 15.

According to their Saaldar calendar, the Baloch Hindus of Pakistan and India celebrate their new year, known as Bege Roch, in the month of Daardans.

On the first day of Chithrai, Tamil New Year is observed in Tamil Nadu, a state in southern India (April 13, 14, or 15). The Chithrai Thiruvizha is observed in the Meenakshi Temple in the temple city of Madurai. Additionally, a sizable exhibition called Chithrai Porutkaatchi is organized. It is also referred to as Chithrai Vishu in some areas of southern Tamil Nadu. Hindu homes celebrate the day with a feast, and the entrances are ornately decked with kolams.

On April 14th, Punjab celebrates Punjabi/Sikh Vaisakhi in accordance with their Nanakshahi calendar.

Nepal The first of Baisakh Baiskh, which falls on April 12–15 in the Gregorian calendar, is when Nepal celebrates its New Year. The Bikram Sambat (BS) is the recognised calendar of Nepal.

In the month of Chaitra, the Dogra of Himachal Pradesh celebrate their new year, or Chaitti.

Jude-Sheet or the Maithili New Year also fall on these days. All across the world, Maithili people celebrate it.

In the Indian state of Assam, the Assamese New Year (also known as Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu) is observed on April 14 or 15.

Bangladesh, West Bengal, and Tripura, two Indian states, as well as Bangladesh, observe Bengali New Year (Bangla Nôbobôrsho) on the first of Boishakh (April 14 or 15).

In the Indian state of Odisha, Vishuva Sankranti, also known as the Odia New Year, is observed on April 14. Pana Sankranti and Vishuva Sankranti are other names for it.

The Manipuri New Year, or Cheirouba, is celebrated on April 14th in the Indian state of Manipur with a plethora of activities and feasts.

When the sun transitions from the Meena Rashiya (House of Pisces) to the Mesha Rashiya (House of Aries), the harvest celebration (which occurs in the month of Bak) coincides with the Sinhalese New Year (House of Aries). The national new year, known as Aluth Avurudda in Sinhala and Puththandu in Tamil, is now being celebrated in Sri Lanka. The National New Year, however, begins at the time specified by astrologers by calculating the precise time the sun moves from Meena Rashiya (House of Pisces) to Mesha Rashiya, contrary to custom, which calls for the new year to start at midnight (House of Aries). The astrologers predict not only the start of the new year but also the end of the previous year. And unlike the traditional ending and starting of the new year, there is a little window of time known as the "nona gathe" (neutral period), during which part of the sun is in the house of Pisces and part is in the house of Aries, between the end of the old year and the beginning of the new.

In the middle of April, Kerala, a South Indian state, celebrates the Malayali New Year, or Vishu.

The Tulu new year is observed with the Tamil and Malayali new years in western Karnataka on April 14 or 15, while it is more frequently observed on the day of Gudi Padwa, the Maharashtrian new year. However, in Kodagu, in southwest Karnataka, both new years, Yugadi (corresponding to Gudi Padwa in March) and Bisu (corresponding to Vishu around April 14 or 15), are observed.

The Water Festival is a type of new year celebration that is held on the day of the full moon of the 11th month on the lunisolar calendar every year in various Southeast Asian nations. The celebration, which is celebrated from April 13 to 15, is timed according to the old lunisolar calendar that governs the dates of Buddhist festivals and holidays. Since the new year falls in the hottest month in Southeast Asia, many individuals end up dousing strangers and onlookers in automobiles in raucous celebration. Traditionally, people would delicately sprinkle water on one another as a symbol of respect. The event is known by a variety of names that are unique to each nation: it is also the traditional new year of the Dai peoples of China's Yunnan Province.Additionally, religious practises in the Theravada Buddhist tradition—a tradition that all of these nations share—are practised.


The Kutchi people celebrate their new year on Ashadi Beej, or the second day of Shukla Paksha in the Hindu month of Aashaadha. For Kutch residents, this day marks the start of the region's rainy season. Kutch is primarily a desert region. Aashaadh is a Hindu calendar month that typically starts on June 22 and ends on July 22.

On the second Sunday in June, there is a festival called Odunde, which in the Yoruba language of Nigeria means "happy new year."

The Serer New Year is celebrated during the Xooy ritual by the Serer people of Senegal, Gambia, and Mauritania.


On the July full moon, the Zulu people celebrate their new year.


After the Roman emperor Augustus changed the calendar, the Coptic New Year, or Neyrouz, continued the old Egyptian New Year. Thoth 1's Julian calendar date falls on August 29 on average, with the exception of the year prior to a Julian leap year, when it falls on the next day. Since the Gregorian calendar no longer includes leap years, it now falls on September 11 or 12, but on various dates before 1900 or beyond 2100.

The Ethiopian New Year, Enkutatash, falls on the same day as Neyrouz.

The Southward Equinox marked the beginning of the French Revolutionary Calendar's New Year, which was used from 1793 to 1805 and for a brief period in 1871 during the Paris Commune (September 22, 23, or 24).

Autumn in the Northern Hemisphere

A Jewish holiday lasting two days, Rosh Hashanah (Hebrew for "head of the year") commemorates the end of the seven days of creation and symbolises God's yearly regeneration of His world. As God is historically said to be evaluating His creation and deciding the fate of all men and creatures for the upcoming year, the day has parts of celebration and meditation. According to Jewish custom, honey is used to represent a lovely new year. Apple slices are dipped in honey and eaten with blessings chanted for a nice, sweet new year during the traditional feast for that event. Some greetings for Rosh Hashanah have honey and an apple to represent the feast. Some groups hand out tiny straws of honey to welcome the new year.

In the Chitral province of Pakistan and some areas of India, the Pathans Kalasha celebrate their Chowmus, which signifies the beginning of their calendar year.

On the day of the Diwali celebration, which falls on the last day of the Ashvin month and Krishna Paksha according to the Hindu calendar, the Marwari New Year (Thapna) is observed.

The day following the festival of Diwali is the Gujarati New Year (Bestu/Nao Varas), which occurs in mid-fall (either October or November, depending on the lunar calendar). The first day of Shukla paksha in the Kartik month, which is taken to be the first day of the first month of the Gujarati lunar calendar, is known as sud ekam, also known as the Gujarati New Year. The majority of other Hindus observe the New Year in the early spring. To commemorate the start of a new fiscal year, the Gujarati community worldwide celebrates the New Year after Diwali.

The Sikkimese observe Losar, their new year.

In the areas surrounding the original Nepal, people celebrate the Nepal Era New Year (see Nepal Sambat). The fourth day of Diwali is when the new year begins. Up until the middle of the 19th century, the calendar was employed as the official one. The Nepalese Newar community still observes the new year, though.

Although they do not have a separate calendar that begins on this day, some neo-pagans observe Samhain (an ancient Celtic feast celebrated around November 1) as a New Year's Day that represents the beginning of the Wheel of the Year.


Northeastern Indian Mizo people commemorate Pawl Kut in December.

Egyptian hieroglyphs

The Islamic New Year is celebrated on Muharram.With two Islamic New Years falling in the Gregorian year 2008, the Islamic calendar, which is based on 12 lunar months totaling about 354 days, observes its New Year approximately eleven days earlier each year than the Gregorian calendar.

The ancient Egyptian New Year was known as the "Opening of the Year," or Wep Renpet. It seems that it was originally planned to take place during the time of Sirius' return to the night sky (July 19 on the proleptic Julian calendar) and during the early phases of the previous annual flood of the Nile. But until the Roman emperor Augustus changed the Egyptian calendar to include leap years, the festival slowly went over the complete solar year over the course of two or three 1460-year Sothic cycles.

New Year Resolution

A New Year's resolution is a custom that is most popular in the West but is also used in the East are taking for their new commitment. It involves making a commitment to continue good habits, modify an undesirable characteristic or behaviour, reach a personal goal, or generally improve one's behaviour.

Variable Date for New Year

On Muharram, the Islamic New Year takes place. With two Islamic New Years falling in the Gregorian year 2008, the Islamic calendar, which is based on 12 lunar months totaling about 354 days, observes its New Year approximately eleven days earlier each year than the Gregorian calendar.

The ancient Egyptian New Year was known as Wep Renpet or the "Opening of the Year" Arabic: Aiftitah al-Eam). It seems that it was originally planned to take place during the time of Sirius' return to the night sky (July 19 on the proleptic Julian calendar) and during the early phases of the previous annual flood of the Nile.

But until the Roman emperor Augustus changed the Egyptian calendar to include leap years, the festival slowly went over the complete solar year over the period of two or three 1460-year Sothic cycles.

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