Tecoma Stans (Yellow Elder): How to Grow & Care Yellow Elder

Tecoma stand, yellow Elder

Yellow Elder (Tecoma Stans): How to Grow & Care Yellow Elder

Yellow Elder (Tecoma Stans)

Yellow Elder (Tecoma stans) is a flowering perennial shrub native to the Americas in the trumpet vine family, Bignoniaceae. Tecoma stans is the official flower of the United States Virgin Islands and The Bahamas' floral emblem.

This spreading, fast-growing evergreen shrub or small tree can reach a height of 10 to 30 feet and is known for its bright, bell-shaped, fragrant yellow flowers. Yellow elder, which blooms in the fall, produces some flowers with each flush of new growth and thus has some colour most of the year.

Scientific name, Common name, family, Species & Genus of Tecoma Stans

  • Scientific name: Tecoma stans
  • Family: Bignoniaceae
  • Genus: Tecoma
  • Species: T. stans
  • Common Name: Yellow trumpetbush, yellow bells, yellow elder, and ginger-thomas

Description of Yellow Elder

It is a semi-evergreen shrub that can grow to be a small tree, with sharply toothed, opposite green leaves that are pinnately unpaired and have 3 to 13 serrate, 8 to 10 cm long leaflets. The leaflets have an elliptical lanceolate blade that is 2–10 cm long and 1–4 cm wide, with a long acuminate apex and a wedge-shaped base and are glabrous on both sides. The edge is finely toothed. It can grow to heights of 6 to 9 metres.

The large, showy, golden yellow trumpet-shaped flowers are in clusters at the branch tips, are bell-shaped-funnel-shaped, five-lobed (with weakly two-lipped lips), often reddish-veined in the throat, and 3.5 to 8.5 cm long. Flowering occurs throughout the year. The fruits are up to 25 cm long, narrow capsules that form from two carpels. Bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds are drawn to the flowers for nectar. The plant makes pods that contain yellow seeds with papery wings. When they open, their membranous wings release a large number of seeds. Tecoma stans reproduces both sexually and asexually (via anemochory).


Tecoma stans is a species native to the Americas. It stretches from the southern United States to northern Venezuela, via Mexico, Central America, and the Antilles, and through the Andes mountain range to northern Argentina. It was first seen in southern Africa and Hawaii.

Yellow trumpetbush is a ruderal species that colonises disturbed, rocky, sandy, and cleared land and can become an invasive weed. It grows in a wide range of ecosystems, including high altitude temperate forests, tropical deciduous and evergreen forests, xerophilous scrub, and the intertropical littoral. It colonizes disturbed, rocky, sandy, and cleared fields quickly. The species prefers dry, sunny coastal areas.

How Grow & Care (Cultivation)

Tecoma stans plant
Yellow Elder (Tecoma Stans)

Esperanza is drought-tolerant and thrives in hot climates. It is a lovely plant that is grown as an ornamental. They are grown all over the world for their beautiful flowering and to beautify streets and gardens. Stem cuttings are an easy way to propagate it. Yellow elder flourished in full sun on any well-drained soil and can survive entirely on rain, making it ideal for
naturalized and low-maintenance gardens. Fruit droppings can cause a minor litter problem.

Plants grow quickly from seed and can be propagated from cuttings. Seedlings can be transplanted easily and will bloom in two years.

It has the potential to become invasive and, on rare occasions, a weed. In Africa (particularly South Africa), South America, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands, the species is considered invasive. Now it’s poses a significant threat to biodiversity. It competes with local species and can form thickets that are almost entirely monospecific.

Plant care When planting, add cow manure to the hole. Make certain that the planting area has adequate drainage.

Trimming isn't necessary if your plant is properly placed, with the exception of a hard pruning in spring (late March or early April) for overall size. Trim the plant's width as needed if it flows out in places you don't want it to.

To encourage more blossoms, cut off the seed pods that appear after flowering.

Once established, yellow elder is moderately drought tolerant, performing best with a regular irrigation schedule that allows enough time for the plant to dry out between waterings. During dry spells, at the very least, give it a good, long drink. Fertilize with a good granular fertiliser three times a year, in the spring, summer, and autumn. Feedings can be supplemented with bone meal and/or liquid to encourage heavier bloom.


Yellow Elder plant
Yellow Elder (Tecoma Stans)

The wood is used in rustic architecture such as bahareque, to build furniture and canoes, and as firewood or charcoal. It is a medicinal plant that is used to treat diabetes and digestive diseases, among other things. When the plant grows in livestock-grazed fields, it makes good fodder. While yellow elder can be trained to a single trunk, it is more commonly used as a specimen or mixed into a shrub border. The somewhat weedy growth necessitates pruning to control shape, but the brilliant flowers make the effort worthwhile. Because of its small size, it can be used as a street tree beneath power lines.

Yellow elder flourished in full sun on any well-drained soil and can survive entirely on rain, making it ideal for naturalised and low-maintenance gardens. It is also suitable for planting in parking lot islands and medians and would make an attractive patio tree. Fruit droppings can cause a minor litter problem.

Plants grow quickly from seed and can be propagated from cuttings. Seedlings can be transplanted easily and will bloom in two years.

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