Volcano: The Highest Volcanic Mountain in the World

Volcano, Volcanic mountain

Volcano: The Top 10 Highest Volcanic Mountains in the World


A volcano is a crack in the crust of the Earth or any planetary mass objects that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber beneath the surface at very high pressure.

Volcanoes are most commonly found where tectonic plates are diverging or converging on Earth, and the majority are found underwater. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, for example, has volcanoes caused by divergent tectonic plates, whereas the Pacific Ring of Fire has volcanoes caused by convergent tectonic plates, Such as the East African Rift, the Rio Grande rift in North America & the Wells Gray-Clearwater volcanic field, Upwelling diapirs from the core mantle boundary, 3,000 kilometers deep in the Earth, are thought to cause volcanism away from plate boundaries. This causes hotspot volcanism, such as the Hawaiian hotspot. Volcanoes are rarely formed where two tectonic plates slide past one another.

Volcanic Mountain

What comes to mind when we think of a mountain? Lush slopes, jagged rocks, and a snow-capped peak, right? Volcanic mountains are a different breed. These mountains are made entirely of – you guessed it – volcanic rock. They can be just as beautiful as traditional mountains, but they are formed in a much more dramatic way. A volcanic mountain is created when volcanic ash and rock are ejected from a volcano, often forming a steep-sided cone. The top of the mountain is usually the most recent to form, as it is made of the newest ash and rock.

The Top 10 Highest Volcanic Mountains

Of the over 1,500 active volcanoes on Earth, only about 190 of them are mountains. And of those mountains, only a dozen or so are taller than 7,000 meters (or 22,965 feet). Here are the 10 highest volcanic mountains in the world. (Note: To make this list, we only considered mountains that are volcanoes, not stratovolcanoes. A stratovolcano is a conical volcano composed of many layers of hardened ash, lava and other ejects.)

List of Top 10 Highest Volcanic Mountains in the World



Height in meter

Height in feet



Ojos del Salado



Argentina/Chile – Highest active volcano on Earth


Monte Pissis





Nevado Tres Cruces








Argentina/Chile – Second highest active volcano on Earth







Nevado Tres Cruces Central















Nevado Sajama



Bolivia – Highest peak of Bolivia






Brief descriptions of Top 10 Volcanic mountains are as follow:

1. Ojos del Salado Mountain

Ojos Del Salado
Ojos Del Salado

Ojos del Salado Mountain is a stratovolcano and the highest mountain in the world. With an elevation of 6,893 meters (22,615 feet), it is the highest mountain peak in the world. The mountain is located on the Argentina-Chile border and is part of the Andes mountain range. Ojos del Salado is an active volcano, having last erupted in 1986.

2. Monte Pissis

Mount Pissis
Mountain Pissis

Monte Pissis is an extinct volcano located on the border of Argentina's provinces of La Rioja and Catamarca, 25 kilometres (16 miles) from the Chilean border. The mountain, which is located about 550 kilometres (340 miles) north of Aconcagua, is the third highest in the Western Hemisphere. Monte Pissis is named after French geologist Pedro José Amadeo Pissis, who worked for the Chilean government. The mountain is very dry due to its location in the Atacama Desert, but it has a large glacier (with crevasses, which is unique in the region)

A 1994 Argentine expedition claimed that the elevation of Monte Pissis was 6,882 m (22,579 ft), higher than Ojos del Salado, using GPS technology available at the time. Several other surveys, using higher precision systems, proved that those measurements were incorrect ten years later: in 2005, an Austrian team performed a DGPS survey of Pissis' summit and found the elevation to be 6,793 m. (22,287 ft). An international expedition surveyed the height on the summit in 2006, and the results agreed with an elevation of around 6,800 m. (22,300 ft). This was later confirmed by a 2007 Chilean-Argentine-European expedition, which surveyed both Ojos del Salado and Monte Pissis and found the former to be 6,891 m (22,608 ft) and the latter to be 6,793 m (22,608 ft) (22,287 ft).

3. Nevado Tres Cruces Mountains

Nevado Tres Cruces Mountain
Nevado Tres Cruces Mountain

The Nevado Tres Cruces is the third highest mountain in Bolivia and the tenth highest in the world. With the elevation of 6,748 meter (22,13 feet), it is the third  highest Volcanic mountain peak in the world.The mountain is a stratovolcano, meaning it is made up of many layers of hardened ash, lava and other volcanic materials. The volcano is still considered active, with its last eruption in 1978. The Nevado Tres Cruces is a popular destination for climbers, with its challenging slopes and beautiful views.

4. Llullaillaco Mountain

Llullaillaco Mountain
Llullaillaco Mountain

At an impressive 6,739 meter (22,110 feet), Llullaillaco Mountain is the seventh-highest volcano in the world. It's located in the Andes mountain range on the border of Argentina and Chile, and it's one of the most active volcanoes in the area. What's particularly interesting about Llullaillaco is that it's one of the few volcanoes in the world with a permanent ice cap. The mountain was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000, and its home to some of the most fascinating Incan archaeological sites in the region.

5. Tipas Mountain

mount tipas
Mount Tipas

One of the lesser-known highest volcanic mountains in the world is Tipas Mountain. It's located in the Argentina and has a height of 6,660 meters 921850 feet). What makes Tipas Mountain so unique is its almost perfect cone shape, as well as the fact that it's one of the most active volcanoes in the Argentina. Although it's not as well-known as other volcanoes, it's definitely worth a visit if you're interested in adventure and stunning natural landscapes.

6. Nevado Tres Cruces Central Mountain

Nevado Tres Cruces Central Mountain

At an impressive height of 6,629 meters (21,749 feet), Nevado Tres Cruces Central Mountain is the fifth highest mountain in the world. This volcano is located in Chile. The mountain is highly active and has been the site of dozens of eruptions in recent history. It is the highest peak entirely within Chilean territory. It is the most visited summit of the massif, along with the south summit; the col that connects them allows for ascent of both during the same expedition. On February 26, 1937, the Poles Stefan Osiecki and Witold Paryski became the first to reach the summit.

7. Incahuasi Mountain

Incauhuasi Mountain
Incahuasi Mountain

The Incahuasi Mountain is located in the Andes mountain range. This inactive volcano is the world's highest mountain that is not a volcano. At an elevation of 6,621 meters (21,722 feet), it towers over the other mountains in the area. The mountain was formed by the eruption of the nearby Llullaillaco Volcano and is made of solidified lava. The Incahuasi Mountain is a popular tourist destination, and visitors can hike to the summit to enjoy stunning views of the surrounding area.

8. Tupungato Mountains

Tupungato Mountain
Tupungato Mountain

The Tupungato Mountains are a part of the Andes mountain range, and at 6,570 meter (21,555 feet), they are the eights-highest volcanic mountain in the world. The Tupungato range is located in central Argentina, and the most famous peak in the range is Mount Tupungato, which reaches an elevation of 22,838 feet. The mountain is named after the Inca god of creation, Tupac Yupanqui. The Tupungato range is still an active volcanic range, with the last eruption occurring in 1877.

9. Nevado Sajama Mountain

Nevado sajma Mountain
Nevado Sajma Mountain

At number 10 on the list is Nevado Sajama, a mountain in Bolivia that reaches a height of 6,542 meter (21,463 feet). It's the highest mountain in Bolivia and the fifth-highest in South America. Nevado Sajama is still an active volcano, and it's said that the last time it erupted was in 1542.

10. Ata Mountain

Mount Ata
Mount Ata

Ata Mountain is part of the Andes mountain range in South America. The mountain is located in the Arequipa Region of Peru, and is part of the Ampato group. Ata Mountain is a shield volcano, which means that it has a wide, gently sloping profile. The mountain is about 6,501 meters (21,329 feet) high, making it the 10th highest volcano in the world.


Although there are more than 600 active volcanoes on earth, only a few of them have the potential to erupt at any time. You can explore the world's most dangerous and highest volcanic mountains with various topographical features that attract tourists from all over the world. In this blog post, we compiled a list of some of these amazing places where you can travel to if you want an adrenaline rush.


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