Thyroid | Thyroid: Causes, Types, Symptoms & Home Remedies

Thyroid HD image download


It is due to disturbances in the thyroid gland that thyroid related diseases like Hyperthyroidism or Hypothyroidism occur in the human body.

The thyroid gland is located at approximately the same level as the Cricoid Cartilage below the larynx in our throat as a bipolar formation.  The thyroid gland is the main contributor to the body's metabolic process.

What is a thyroid gland?

The thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands found in the human body. The thyroid gland secretes hormones called thyroxine (T4), tri-idothyronine (T3) and thyrocalcitonin into the human body.  It is through these hormones that the lack of energy in the body, the formation of proteins and sensitivity to other hormones are controlled.  Hormones released from the thyroid also affect the rate of metabolism and the development and function of many other physiological mechanisms.  Calcitonin hormones play an important role in calcium equilibrium (calcium homeostasis).Iodine is an essential component of both T3 and T4.

Normal thyroid function

The thyroxine hormone released from the thyroid increases the metabolism of fat, protein, and carbohydrates.  It reduces the amount of sugar, cholesterol and phospholipids in human blood. Thyroxine prevents blood loss in the body by increasing red blood cell formation. Thyroxine hormone regulates bones, muscles, sexual and mental growth.  It also increases milk production in women. The thyroxine hormone released from the thyroid regulates heart rate and blood pressure.

Types of Thyroid disorders

There are two main types of disorders in the thyroid gland:

The most common problems of the human thyroid gland are Hyperthyrodism and Hypothyrodism.

The thyroid gland is controlled by factors such as the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, etc.  The most common problems of the thyroid gland are Hyperthyrodism and Hypothyrodism.  T4 and T3 harmone are produced in excess by the thyroid gland as a result of hyperthyrodism, and the human body begins to use energy in excess.This is called hyper thyroidism.  When the thyroid can not produce enough hormones, the human body begins to use less energy than needed. This condition is called hypothyroidism.  These abnormal thyroid conditions can occur in a person of any age and the disease can occur in five to eight times more women than men.

Symptoms & Causes of Hyperthyroidism

Metabolis increases the metabolism in our body due to the formation of an excess of Thyroid harmone. The following problem arises.

  • Nervousness
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Excessive sweating
  • Inability to Concentrate
  • Shaking hands
  • Hair thinning Appetite
  • Nausea & Vomiting
  • Insomnia (trouble sleeping)
  • Muscle weakness and pain
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Weight loss even after feeling very hungry
  • Menstrual irregularity is seen in women.
  • Osteoporosis occurs due to which the calcium in the bone is rapidly depleted.

Symptoms & Causes of Hypothyrodism

Hypothyroidism occurs due to hypersensitivity of the thyroid gland which can cause the following problems in the human body:

  • Slow heart rate
  • Fatigue (Feeling Tired)
  • Depression
  • Be more sensitive to cold
  • Weight gain due to slowing metabolism
  • Thinning and breaking of nails
  • Sweat reduction
  • Skin dryness and itching
  • Joint pain and muscle stiffness
  • Excess hair loss.
  • Swollen Eyes
  • Impaired Memory
  • Confused, unable to think and understand
  • To be irregular in mensuration.  28-day cycle to be 40 days or more.
  • Swelling of face and eyes
  • Increased level of cholesterol in the blood
  • It can cause infertility in women.
  • Causes of Thyroid

The following are also causes of thyroid disease:

  • Being in a more stressful state in your life affects the activation of thyroid hormones.
  • Thyroid glands are particularly affected due to more or less iodine content in human food.
  • The disease can also be dynastic (genetic).  If other family members have had this problem in the future, then it is more likely to happen.
  • There can be an imbalance in thyroid hormones during pregnancy in women as many hormonal changes are occurring in the body of women during this time.

What diseases can cause thyroids?

Thyroid disease can also occur due to the following diseases:

Hashimoto’s disease

In Hashimoto's disease, one part of the thyroid gland becomes active.


This disease is caused by inflammation in the thyroid gland.  In the initial days, there is an over production of thyroid hormone and then later it is decreased, which causes Hypothyrodism. Many times, this disease is seen in women after pregnancy.

Deficiency of Iodine:

Iodine deficiency in daily diet causes Hypothyrodism, so Iodine-rich salt should be used in daily diet.

Graves disease

Hyperthyroidism is a thyroid disease in adults due to Graves' disease.  In this disease, the body's immune system begins to produce antibodies that increase TSH.  It is a dynastic (genetic) disease that goes on from generation to generation.


Goitre disease can cause goitre disease.

Vitamin B12

Hypothyrodism can also occur due to vitamin B12 deficiency.  Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency correspond to the symptoms of Hypothyrodism.

Home Remedy for Thyroid

In allopathic medicine, steroids are used for thyroid disorders which have side effects. Therefore, it is considered best to pay attention to natural healing remedies to eliminate the thyroid root.  There are many things around us that are used as food in our homes every day and it would be surprising to know that using these things greatly improves thyroid disease.

To cure thyroid, one can try the following home remedies:


Ashvgandha HD image download

It is beneficial to drink one teaspoon of ashwagandha powder with lukewarm milk cow at night while sleeping.The leaves or roots of Ashwagandha can also be boiled in water and drunk. Ashwagandha removes the imbalance of hormones in the body.


Mulethi HD image download
Mulethi picture

Taking (Mulethi) liquorice provides benefits for the thyroid. According to ayurvedic research, the major component found in (Mulethi) liquorice is the treperpenoid glycerythenic acid, inhibiting the growth of Thyroid Cancer Cells.


Tulsi HD image download
Tulsi Plant

You can treat thyroid by using basil. For this, taking two teaspoons of basil juice mixed with half a teaspoon of aloe vera juice is beneficial.

Green coriander leavesGrind green coriander and dissolve it in a glass of water before drinking.

Turmeric milk

Drinking turmeric boilled in milk every day improves the symptoms of  thyroid disease.


Flaxseed image download

Use of flaxseed is considered very beneficial in thyroid disease.  Drinking flaxseed powder mixed with juice or water can provide relief for thyroid disease.


Ginger HD image download

Ginger naturally has anti-inflammatory properties, which help in protecting humans from many diseases. Ginger is used as a medicine.  Ginger also helps in reducing the problem of thyroid along with cold-cough and viral disease.

Coconut Oil

Using food made of coconut oil helps with thyroid problems. Coconut oil is beneficial for reducing thyroid problems.

Foods for Thyroid Disease:

Food for thyroid disease are as follows: 

A low-fat diet should be consumed for thyroid disease.

More and more fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet.  Eat green leafy vegetables. They contain an appropriate amount of iron, which is beneficial for thyroid patients.

Eat a balanced diet, eating minerals and vitamins that improve thyroid or reduce thyroid levels.

Iodine salt, iodised food, sea food, fish, chicken, egg, toned milk and milk products like curd, cheese, tomatoes, mushrooms, bananas, oranges etc. should be consumed.

Drink more seeds of almonds, cashew nuts and sunflower, all of which contain a sufficient amount of copper, which is beneficial in balancing thyroid levels.

Some of the best foods for thyroid:


Curd hd image download

Yogurt is one of the best foods for the thyroid gland.  Dairy products, mainly yogurt, are very nutritious and help meet the iodine requirements of the body.  Iodine is required for the thyroid gland to function properly.

Fruits: Apples, pears and citrus fruits

Food for thyroid image download

food for thyroid image download

Apples, pears, plums and citrus fruits are abundant with pectin, which helps to detoxify the body of mercury.  Along with this, fruits contain abundant vitamin A and vitamin C, which strengthens the body's immune system.

Nuts and Seeds

Zinc rich food image download

Pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds and nuts (almonds, walnuts, cashews) are sources of zinc.  Low levels of zinc have been linked to thyroid problems.  To compensate for the lack of chings, add salad or dry grapes to your body as a snack.

Legumes and Beans

Beans HD image download

Beans and legumes are rich in zinc and fiber.  These help the digestive system to function properly, especially preventing bowel movements and constipation.  Chiku fruit is one of the healthiest options for thyroid problems.

Green Tea

Green tea is known worldwide as a definitive metabolic aid.  Green tea contains catechin, a type of antioxidant that forces fat cells to release fat and helps reduce excess fat.

Whole Grains

Oatmeal HD image download

The body needs more energy to digest whole grains.  Metabolism increases metabolism because the body has to work harder to digest whole grains.  To increase your metabolism and help the thyroid gland, one should try to eat oats, brown rice, sprouts, sprouted grain bread and flaxseed.


Broccoli HD image download

Broccoli is rich in calcium and vitamin C. It helps the body to boost metabolism. Broccoli is found in abundance in fiber. Every food item that helps increase metabolism is beneficial for thyroid patients.

Include all or some of these in the diet and your thyroid gland function will show a substantial improvement over a period.  Consult your dietician or your doctor before including the above foods in your diet.

What not to eat

Red meat, packaged food, high cream products such as cakes, pastries, millet, cauliflower, cabbage, turnips etc.

To reduce thyroid problems, it is necessary to make all these changes in your lifestyle:

Exercise regularly, avoid drugs like smoking, alcohol etc.


Adopting a healthy lifestyle and eating a balanced diet rich in nutrients and minerals helps to improve thyroid health. Regular exercise and leaving some bad habits like smoking and drinking also improve the thyroid condition.

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