Sore Throat | Home remedies for sore throat | Sore throat treatment

Sore Throat | Home remedies for sore throat | Sore throat treatment

Sore Throat

A sore throat can cause pain, scratchiness, or irritation in the throat, all of which are typically made worse by swallowing. The most common cause of sore throats is a viral infection like the flu or a cold. A virus-induced sore throat eventually goes away on its own.

Antibiotics are necessary to treat strep throat (streptococcal infection), a less frequent bacterial cause of sore throat, in order to avoid complications. Other, less common causes of sore throats can require more comprehensive treatment.


The signs of a sore throat can vary depending on the source.

  • Some warning signs and symptoms include:
  • a sore or uncomfortable feeling in the throat with itching or pain
  • pain that worsens when swallowing or speaking
  • Aching, swollen glands in your jaw or neck that are preventing you from swallowing
  • red and swollen tonsils
  • Your tonsils may have pus or white areas.
  • a raspy or husky voice

Other symptoms and indicators of infections that cause sore throats include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Body aches
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting

When to see a doctor

The American Academy of Pediatrics advises visiting a doctor if your child's sore throat doesn't go away after the first drink of the day.

If your youngster exhibits serious warning signs and symptoms like:

  • Having trouble breathing
  • Having trouble swallowing
  • unusual drooling that could be a sign of difficulty swallowing
  • According to the American Academy of Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery, if you're an adult and have a sore throat along with any of the following related issues:
  • a strong sore throat which persists for more than a week
  • swallowing, breathing, and opening your mouth with difficulty
  • aching joints
  • Earache Rash Fever over 101 degrees Fahrenheit (38.3 C)
  • Having blood in your phlegm or saliva
  • persistent sore throats that often occur
  • you have a neck lump
  • for more than two weeks, hoarseness
  • swelling of the face or neck

Causes of sore throat

Most sore throats are brought on by the same viruses that cause the common cold and the flu. Bacterial infections are a less frequent cause of sore throats.

Parasitic infections

The following list of viral ailments that can result in a sorereed viral illnesses that can result in a sore reed.

  • Usual cold
  • Flu (influenza) (influenza)
  • Mono (mononucleosis) (mononucleosis)
  • Measles
  • Coronavirus chickenpox illness 2019 (COVID-19)
  • A common childhood ailment known as croup is marked by a persistent, barking cough.

Bacterial infections

Many bacterial infections can cause a sore throat. The most common is Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus) which causes strep throat.

Other causes

A sore throat may also be brought on by:


A sore throat can be brought on by allergies to dust, pollen, mould, pet dander, and mould. Postnasal drip, which can irritate and inflame the throat, could make the issue worse.


Your throat may feel scratchy and gritty from breathing dry indoor air. A dry, scratchy throat can also result from mouth breathing, which is frequently brought on by persistent nasal congestion.


Chronic sore throats can be brought on by indoor and outdoor pollutants, including tobacco smoke and chemical vapours. Chewing tobacco, drinking more alcohol and eating too spicy foods also can irritate your throat.

Muscle ache

Yelling, shouting loudly, or talking for extended periods of time without taking a break can strain the muscles in your throat.

Disease of the gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). An issue with the digestive tract called GERD causes a buildup of stomach acids in the food pipe (esophagus).

Heartburn, hoarseness, regurgitation of stomach contents, and a lump in the throat are some more symptoms or signs that you may experience.

Having HIV

A sore throat and other flu-like symptoms can occasionally emerge soon after HIV infection.

Additionally, an HIV-positive person may experience persistent or recurrent sore throats as a result of oral thrush, a fungus, or cytomegalovirus (CMV), a virus that can be dangerous for those with weakened immune systems.


A sore throat may be brought on by cancerous tumours of the tongue, larynx, or throat. Other signs or symptoms that may exist include hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, noisy breathing, a lump in the neck, and blood in the saliva or phlegm.

Rarely, an infected region of tissue (abscess) in the throat or swelling of the tiny cartilage "lid" that covers the windpipe (epiglottitis) can produce a sore throat. Both have the potential to obstruct the airway, which would be dangerous.

Prevention of sore throat

• The best ways to prevent sore throats are to avoid the germs that cause them and to practise good hygiene. Utilize the advice below, and instruct your kids to do the same.

• After using the restroom, before and after eating, and after sneezing or coughing, wash your hands thoroughly and regularly for at least 20 seconds.

• Try not to touch your face. • Refrain from sharing food, drinks, or utensils; Refrain from touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.

• Sneeze or cough into a tissue, discard it, and then wash your hands. Sneeze occasionally into your elbow.

• If soap and water are not available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizers as an alternative to washing your hands.

• Avoid using your mouth to touch water fountains or public phones, and regularly wipe and disinfect computer keyboards, doorknobs, light switches, and remote controls. When travelling, keep your hotel room's phones, light switches, and remotes clean.

• Keep your distance from somebody who is ill or exhibiting symptoms of flue.

Home remedies for sore throat

Even if your sore throat isn't bad enough to require a trip to the doctor, it can still be bothersome and prevent you from getting a decent night's sleep. Try natural remedies to reduce the soreness and irritability.

Generally speaking, the remedies listed below may be helpful to relieve a small or common sore throat. If you have a severe sore throat, especially if it is getting worse or has continued for many days, schedule an appointment with a doctor to discuss your symptoms.

1. Gargling with Salt Water

Salt water is a potent remedy for killing bacteria, thinning mucus, and easing discomfort even though it might not bring you relief right away. Simply gargle with 8 ounces of warm water that has been mixed with half a teaspoon of salt.

2. Honey for a Sore Throat

Honey is one of the best home remedies for a sore throat is honey, it has natural antibacterial properties which enable it to function as a wound healer, delivering quick pain relief while lowering inflammation. In addition to killing germs, honey can help prevent viral infections.

Honey may work well as a cough suppressant if you have a persistent cough in addition to a sore throat. A warm glass of water or tea should be thoroughly stirred after adding two tablespoons of honey. When necessary, sip throughout the day.

It's very crucial to remember that infants younger than one year should not be given honey.

3. Using Lemon to Boost Immunity

Lemons are excellent for sore throats because they can help break up mucous and relieve pain, much like salt water and honey. Lemons also contain a lot of vitamin C, which can strengthen your immune system and help it fight off infections. For immediate relief, add one teaspoon of lemon juice to a glass of warm water.

4. Using Hot Sauce/Hot Drink to Quickly Reduce Pain

Although it may seem weird to use hot sauce or hot drink to soothe a burning throat, it has been shown to be effective in drinking hot drink to cure sore throat quickly.. Peppers with a lot of capsaicin are used to make hot sauce, which has anti-inflammatory and painkilling properties. Therefore, gargling with a few drops of hot sauce in a warm glass of water may be the best treatment for your sore throat, even though it may burn at first.

5. Herbal Tea (kadha) for Sore Throat

You can consume variety of herbal teas for prompt sore throat relief. Both green tea and herbal tea made with Tulsi, black pepper, ginger and other ingredients have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities that help prevent infections while offering comfort. Teas including raspberry, chamomile, herbal mix and peppermint are excellent for easing discomfort and lowering inflammation. The greatest alternative for herbal tea is chamomile tea if your voice is hoarse and you have trouble speaking, it can also act as a natural lubricant. The natural numbing and pain-relieving properties of peppermint tea can helps to cure sore throat.

7. Use a humidifier

It might be time to get a humidifier if you've noticed a rise in the amount of sore throats you've experienced this season. Your painful throat sore could be result of dry air, especially during the really cold winter months. Your sinuses will be opened and the air kept moist by a humidifier. To add more relief, mix in one or two tablespoons of vapour rub or hydrogen peroxide solution.

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